A JOURNEY THROUGH THE LITHUANIAN NATIONAL PARKS
Regional or national parks are equipped in most of the Lithuanian beautiful and historical places. These are protected areas established for the preservation of natural and cultural features. Tiny Lithuania has as many as five national parks: Dzukija, Aukstaitija, Curonian Spit, Samogitia and Trakai historic reserve. You are welcome to visit them all.
The national park, created by nature and people
The Curonian Spit National Park, included in the list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites, is the most visited protected area in Lithuania. It seeks to preserve the rare plant and animal species characteristic to the areas, which are particularly significant for the pan-European biodiversity.
The great beauty of the Curonian Spit cultural landscape is a unique creation of nature and man-made efforts. In the 14th to 18th centuries, sliding sand dunes buried more than one fishing village, so people started fighting with the inexorable wind and at the end of the 18th century replanted the deforested area and installed reinforcements in the sands, so the dunes are tamed in the Curonian Spit. Today, the Lithuanian coastal dunes are the highest in Europe, so when visiting the Curonian Spit National Park, do not miss the chance to enjoy them, to climb on the Great dune ridge, or walk around the gray dunes between Juodkrante and Pervalka.
Samogitia for water sports lovers
Samogitian National Park is a real discovery for those who are travelling to explore natural surroundings and original traditions of the region. Bicycle travellers, tourists, nature lovers, divers, water sports and tourism, fishing, bird-watching enthusiasts are all welcome.
Plateliai lake, large and dense forests, Zemaiciai Kalvarija town architecture, products of skilful wood craftsmen, uproar of the traditional Mardi Gras celebration – these are just a few things that are worth a visit when you are in Samogitia National Park.
Aukstaitija dotted with mounds
Aukstaitija National Park is famous for its extremely clean lakes, mounds, ethnographic villages, hilly terrain, abundance of forests and a harmony of nature. Climb the Ladakalnis hill in the park and enjoy the panorama with as many as six lakes and the breathtaking beauty of the surroundings. Once you come to Ladakalnis, you should visit the nearby Ginuciai water mill, with the preserved the authentic equipment: a water wheel, a bag lifting mechanism, a millstone and an edgestone. Also travelling in the Aukstaitija National Park visit the ancient beekeeping museum where you can see with your own eyes what bee hives were used in Lithuania in the sixteenth century, and taste some very fresh honey.
The largest protected area in Lithuania
Dzukija National Park is the largest protected area in Lithuania. The park region has many natural and cultural treasures, is rich in Stone Age sites, historical past, and is also well known for its beautiful views of the mounds. Dzukija villages preserved the traditional village structure, old buildings of farmsteads, reminding the lifestyle of locals. The craftsmen of these places are very skilful and famous for black pottery, and in the ancient villages you can still seen them weaving on a loom, plaiting wickers, and knitting wool socks. In autumn and summer come to the forests of Dzukija and bring your baskets as the area is particularly rich in mushrooms and berries.
The park telling about the majestic past of Lithuania
Trakai Historical National Park is unique. It, unlike other parks, is the focus of cultural heritage, history and archaeology, intersecting the history of the old capital city of Lithuania, Trakai, and the entire country. The historic centrepiece of the park consists of the old town of Trakai, the castle complex on the peninsula with its majestic and romantic history and Trakai Castle the only one in Eastern Europe, built on the island. The landscape of this unique cultural and natural heritage of the ensemble, reflecting the country's most important historical periods, leaves a lasting impression on everyone visiting the place.
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