Panevėžys City on the River Nevėžis
Settled on the bank of the Nevėžis River, Panevėžys city (pop. 97,600) was founded by the Lithuanian Grand Duke Alexander. Panevėžys is a city of theatres. The artistic director Juozas Miltinis, the country’s personality of the century, created a theatre that earned worldwide recognition and presently is called after the artist’s name. Nowhere in Europe will one find a unique Puppet Wagon Theatre. It visits the remotest villages and towns by a colourful horse-driven cart in the summer, and performs in the city in winter. The Director Antanas Markuckis was awarded a prize of H.Ch. Andersen. Every year, artists from all over the world gather to the international Panevėžys ceramic art symposium. Their artworks are stored in the Art Gallery. The city is decorated with a number of original sculptures, including that of the idealist Don Quixote. Panevėžys also boats the longest narrow gauge railway in Europe, which  celebrated its 100th anniversary in 1999, linking Panevėžys with Anykščiai. An exciting journey on this railroad is a scenic adventure into the yesteryear...
 
History of Panevėžys
Juozas Miltinis (sculpture)
                            
Panevėžys was founded on 7 September 1503. For several centuries the growth of the city was impeded by constant wars and epidemics.  Only the 19th century with its economic and political stability allowed Panevėžys to continue developing. In the social field, division into different classes within the society was almost extinct. The Lithuanian, Polish and Jewish ethnic movements were active in the city. The education system became more accessible, which resulted in an increase in the number of literate people. The end of 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century shaped Panevėžys as it is nowadays; a strong economic and cultural centre of the region and the fourth-fifth most important city in Lithuania.