Probably the Europe's largest rolling sand dunes, the Baltic Sea roaring on the west, the Curonian Lagoon welcoming the sun every morning, and other natural wonders in the Curonian Spit National Park are all very close to one another, making a remarkable and idyllic landscape amazing everyone who visits them.
Curonian Spit is a dialogue between the nature and humans
The Curonian Spit is known as the pearl of the Baltic Sea. It is a long stretch of wind-blown sand dunes, surrounded on the two sides by the Curonian Lagoon and the Baltic Sea. You only have to come once to this special place, and make sure about its indescribable beauty for yourself. Curonian Spit is a unique example of traditional lifestyle and balance between the agricultural and marine resources.
The sand stripe of 98 kilometres, washed by the Baltic Sea on the west and the Curonian Lagoon waters from the east, is a wonderful joint working of nature and human efforts. The current landscape of the Curonian Spit was formed by residents struggling with the inexorable wind and attempting to tame the sand carried by it. Because of this unique union of man and nature in shaping the landscape, the Curonian Spit was declared a national park and was included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The history of the largest sand dunes in Europe
According to the legend, the Curonian Spit was poured by a giant woman Neringa, who played on the beach. Some people believed that Neringa is a female version of the Greek hero Heracles. Historians claim that the Curonian Spit was formed 5000 years ago and more than a millennium ago this place was an active pagan centre. In the eighteenth century the rolling sand dunes buried many settlements and fishing villages, because there was not enough wood for the installation of dune reinforcements at the time. For this reason the Prussian government launched a massive reforestation of the Curonian Spit in the beginning of the nineteenth century. Today, most of its parts are green with forests and pine forests that protect this wonderful natural formation.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union tourism started flourishing in the Curonian Spit, attracting numerous visitors every year, who are happy with the silence, cleanliness, and the soothing wavy Baltic Sea, relaxing environment and the highest dunes in Europe, with an average height of 35 meters, and the highest dune over 60 m in height.
Entertainment offered to you by the Curonian Spit
Curonian Spit has to offer abundant attractions and activities. It has the Lithuanian Sea Museum, Aquarium and Dolphinarium, with sea lion and seal shows. Aquariums are rich in marine creatures, fish and plants that delight all visitors and takes you into the depths of the water world.
Also here stands a mountain of witches (Raganų Kalnas), described in many regions, currently exhibiting unique folk art sculptures of wooden witches, demons, and other mystical creatures. The exhibition will take your breath away.
Smiltyne Juodkrante, Pervalka Preila and Nida – the enchanting small towns of the Curonian Spit have plenty of interesting sports, recommended to visit for each enthusiast of fishing, swimming, sightseeing and bike riding lover.